HOSTING A TOTAL OF 318 FORMULAS WITH CALCULATORS

## Average kinetic energy per atom

In any gas or liquid at room temperature or higher, the average kinetic energy per molecule, due to random thermal motions from place to place, depends only on the temperature, not on what the material is made out of. (The same is true in solids,but with some ambiguity over what constitutes a molecule–an individual atom or a small group of them.)

## $\frac{3}{2}\mathrm{kBt}$

Here,kB=Boltzmann’s constant,t=temperatures.

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